aefenglommung (aefenglommung) wrote,

Meanwhile, on the other side of the street

The takeover of the Democratic Party and all points left of center by Progressivism has shoved everything in the center over to the right. Used to be, "liberal" and "conservative" described two opposing political traditions, known in both England and America by their party labels "Whig" and "Tory."

"Whig" comes from whiggamore, a dialect word referring to a Scots bumpkin. It was what Cavaliers called Roundheads. "Tory" comes from Irish toraidh, meaning an outlaw or renegade. It was what the Williamites called the Pretender's sympathizers.

By the time of our own Revolution, Tory came to describe the backers of George III, and then the aristocratic party generally. Those who backed the "Rights of Englishmen" proudly called themselves Whigs -- which was the original label used by Thomas Jefferson and others, before "Patriot" came into use. Later on, the opponents of Andrew Jackson resurrected the Whig label.

Whiggery is also called "classical liberalism." It's the viewpoint the Founders enshrined in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. But against the grasping ideology of Progressivism, it has had to take up residence in Tory territory. Mostly the Whig tradition in America is now what we call "conservative" in order to avoid confusion. "Liberal" really doesn't describe much any more, since Progressives claim the label, even though they are a pretty illiberal bunch. I don't know anybody who's an old-fashioned aristo-snoot any more, so if there are still Tories about, I couldn't point you to one.

Instead, Whiggery has separated into various forms of conservatism/classical liberalism. There are the Libertarians, the defense hawks (Neo-Cons), social-values voters, and constitutionalists. Several of these identify as Tea Partiers, since the issue of the day is restraining the advance of government and most conservatives think that a desirable thing. The essence of Whiggery was always freedom.

The Republican Party started out as a coalition of Abolitionists and Free-Soilers. One group wanted to eliminate slavery and one wanted to restrain its expansion. While never losing its focus on civil rights (Republicans voted overwhelmingly for the Civil Rights Acts in the '60s, without whom they could not have passed the Congress), the GOP also became in the latter 19th Century the patron of Small Business (not Big Business, which backs any party that can achieve and keep power). As a party dedicated to traditional rights and responsibilities, the GOP is the home of Whiggery today, mixed with other points of view on the right side of the aisle.

So, we have a Center-Right party (the GOP) and a Radical Left party (the Democrats) in America today. Various small parties raise particular issues which are in time claimed by the two major parties. With our winner-take-all electoral system, we really can't sustain more than two major parties at any given time. Lots of people gripe that the Republicans aren't very pure in their conservatism. What they forget is that conservatism is a broad spectrum these days, which includes the center. Only the far left is pure in their ideology, and they polarize everything around their agenda, which one cannot be indifferent to.

  • Point of view in LOTR

    One of the achievements of The Lord of the Rings is its complicated narrative architecture. Stories are interlaced and we follow, now this sub-plot,…

  • Arthur contra mundum

    The consensus opinion among Tolkien critics -- including those who greatly admire his work -- is that The Lord of the Rings is slow to get going,…

  • Not all ancient institutions are good

    The institutions of the Roman Republic have cast a long shadow over western government. Even our Founders paid close attention to the Roman model,…

  • Post a new comment


    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.