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United Methodist Doctrinal Standards, Part II

Session Two:  The English Reformation
The Reformation in England, in the wider sense, covers the reigns of Henry VIII through Queen Anne. (1509-1714), two tumultuous centuries.

1. Renewal and Reform

  1. The Renaissance and Erasmus

  2. Luther

                  + Indulgences
                    + German resentment of Rome
                    + 95 Theses (1517), Diet of Worms (1521), First German Bible

2. The Break with Rome

  1. Henry as Defender of the Faith

  2. The Divorce Question

  3. The use of Parliament to enact separation

  4. Catholicism without the Pope

  5. The swing toward Lutheranism

  6. The Great Bible

  7. The Dissolution of the Monasteries

3. The Elizabethan Settlement

  1. Edward VI’s reign and the Hot Gospelers

    • First Book of Common Prayer     SHOW COPY


  2. Bloody Mary’s failed reign

    • The need for Parliamentary action

    • No return of abbey lands

    • Spanish alliance and burning of heretics

    • Genevan exiles – contact w/ Calvinism

    • Foxe’s Book of Martyrs                 SHOW COPY


  3. Elizabeth comes to the throne

    • Committed to Protestantism, but desirous of being as inclusive as possible

    • Parliament approves compromise reformation

    • 39 Articles

    • Puritans think Settlement is first step; Elizabeth intends it to be final

    • Jesuits and Popish plots threaten Elizabeth from one side, Puritans from the other


4.Note:  Anglicanism is one of the few Protestant churches to bring its hierarchy into the new church.

  1. Reason:  Establishment by law in Parliament

  2. Result:  Less of a break with the past, less tendency to start with a blank sheet of paper

5. Puritanism

  1. In common with other English Protestants, agreed that the Pope was NOT the Head of the English Church and the eucharist was NOT a re-sacrifice or transubstantiary

  2. In contrast with the bishops, however, the Puritans were thorough-going Calvinists

    • This especially meant Predestination and a very low view of the sacraments, but also a disdain for ceremony, hierarchy, vestments and ornaments, etc.

    • Cambridge was the hotbed of Puritanism, Oxford of what would be eventually called “high church” and “Anglo-Catholicism”


  3. Puritan agitation in Parliament

  4. The Puritan Classical movement

  5. Failure of Puritanism under Elizabeth

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